Clarion News 08-04-2016
The law I'd like to see Governor Walker sign is the one that says the state of Alaska won't consider any more proposals that involve strip mining in drainages that contain salmon streams.
It's outrageous that we're even talking to the Pebble people ...
10 Endangered Foods
The unfortunate truth is that not everything lasts forever.
# 6. Salmon
There’s something fishy about water temps these days, and salmon know that first hand.
These fish depend on cold water for reproduction, but global warming is causing the water temperatures to rise, thus causing a huge decline in salmon population.
They’re also threatened by river damming and pollution.
So all you salmon fans out there – maybe switch a Hydrogen car?
Maybe by hanging out with the right crowd
Each summer, millions of fish return to Bristol Bay, and then swim on to the stream where they were born to spawn and die.
Exactly what compels them to return to the right spot is unknown.
2016 Hazardous Foods
50 Foods You Should Never Eat
Disgusted by Food?
What's the one food you refuse to eat?
Whatever it is, it's probably because you don't like the way it tastes, not always because it contains ingredients suspected of causing cancer or because it was picked by farmers wearing Hazmat suits.
Yet, there are still a lot of foods that fit that description on store shelves, and food industry insiders, who know what goes on behind the scenes, refuse to eat them.
We polled some of those insiders—people who know the business and work daily to evict pesticides, genetically modified organisms, animal cruelty, social injustice, and unhealthy foods from the food supply—to find out what they know about the dark side of "convenience" foods and what they will eat.
Take note so you, too, can avoid the worst of what grocery stores have to offer.
Margaret I. Cuomo, MD, author of A World Without Cancer
"Fish is naturally low in saturated fat, and some types, like salmon, are also high in omega-3 fat, reducing the risk of stroke and heart attack and inflammation throughout the body.
While Americans need to eat more seafood and less red meat, some fish such as farmed salmon are contaminated with carcinogenic chemicals such as PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls), pesticides (including dieldrin and toxaphene) and antibiotics," she says.
And unlike wild salmon, farmed salmon are fed a mixture of other fish ground into fishmeal and fish oil, and they concentrate more toxins in their fat tissue than do other fish, Dr. Cuomo notes.
The diagnosis of heart and skeletal muscle inflammation in farmed Atlantic salmon, announced on Friday, did not raise any immediate alarms because HSMI is not fatal, it has not been found in any wild Pacific salmon, and it does not pose a human health ...
"Fish is an important part of my family's diet, and I am very careful to choose wild salmon, rather than farmed salmon, which contains many carcinogens," Dr. Cuomo says.
Health Canada and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency announced May 19 that they've completed "thorough and rigorous scientific reviews” of AquaAdvantage salmon, the world's first GMO fish, for food and livestock feed and determined that it is “as safe ...
Andy Sharpless, CEO of Oceana and author of The Perfect Protein
These shrimp facts are enough to turn your stomach.
The most popular seafood in the American diet, our taste for shrimp has an astounding environmental impact and potentially threatens our health, too.
For each pound of wild shrimp harvested from oceans, there are between three and 10 pounds of bycatch pulled onto the boat deck—including sea turtles and many juvenile fish.
Farmed shrimp generally comes from mangrove forests, which have been clear-cut and turned into filthy ponds doused with antibiotics to ward off disease.
"If you want to be a responsible seafood eater, I'm sorry to say you have to give up shrimp," Sharpless says.
When it comes to the best seafood choices, Sharpless says you're better off eating wild or farmed shellfish like oysters, mussels, and clams, which are filter feeders and help clean the ocean as they grow.
"Unlike farmed shrimp, these guys are an ally in keeping the oceans healthy," he explains.
All this, and Idaho's wild salmon still hover on the brink of extinction.
In a powerful ruling delivered last week, Judge Michael Simon lambasted the federal government for failing to show that its dams on the Columbia and Snake rivers aren't driving ...
The Walker Highway
The Alaskan Highway Is Literally Melting
For seven decades, the Alaska Highway has mesmerized adventure-seeking travelers.
In one breathtaking stretch through the Yukon, glacier lakes and rivers snake through aspen forests and rugged mountains that climb into the clouds.
In some parts of the 1,387-mile (2,232 kilometer) highway, the shifting is so pronounced, it has buckled parts of the asphalt.
Caution flags warn drivers to slow down, while engineers are hard at work concocting seemingly improbable solutions: inserting plastic cooling tubes or insulation sheets, using lighter-colored asphalt or adding layers of soccer-ball sized rocks -- fixes that are financially and logistically daunting.
“It’s the single biggest geotechnical problem we have,” said Jeff Currey, materials engineer for the northern region of Alaska’s Department of Transportation.
“The Romans built roads 2,000 years ago that people are still using. On the other hand, we have built roads that within a year or two, without any maintenance, look like a roller coaster because they are built over thaw-unstable permafrost.”
At the time of its construction, the highway was a show of American ingenuity and determination during World War II.
In March 1942, just months after the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, the U.S. Army hastily began to build a road linking Alaska, another exposed Pacific outpost, through Canada to the lower 48 states.
Seven months later it was opened, providing a key supply line in case of invasion.
Today the highway serves as the main artery connecting the “Last Frontier” with Canada and the northwestern U.S., bringing tourists to Alaska cruise ships; food, supplies and medicine to remote towns; and equipment to oil fields and mines that are the region’s lifeblood.
Judy Gagnon, a 67-year-old trucker, has driven Canada’s roads since the early 1970s and said she’s seeing “more pieces fall apart.”
Some damage is regular wear and tear, but “they are having trouble maintaining the road bed, because you have the permafrost underneath, and then you have it melting and it’s sinking.”
The highway’s dark surface absorbs sunlight while the shoulders trap water and snow that act like a warm blanket.
The heat breaks down the permafrost (soil, rock or sediment frozen for at least two consecutive years).
Annual repair costs for one section that runs through the Yukon are C$30,000 ($22,900) per kilometer, seven times the average, according to a territorial government report.
Thawing also threatens airport runways, buildings, animal-migration patterns and energy pipelines. It’s a problem outside North America, too.
More than 600 scientists from nations including the U.S., Canada, Russia, China, Sweden and Argentina, attended an international permafrost conference in June.
Forty-three percent of a 124-mile stretch between Alaska and Whitehorse, the Yukon capital, is “highly vulnerable to permafrost thaw,” according to a report co-authored by Fabrice Calmels, a researcher at Yukon College.
“It’s like taking five stories out of a 10-story building,” he said in an interview.
The key is creating infrastructure that’s “resilient” to future changes, said Paul Murchison, director of transportation engineering at the Yukon Department of Highways and Public Works.
Mark Carney, governor of the Bank of England, and Canada’s Environment and Climate Change Minister Catherine McKenna stressed the urgency of the problem at a July 15 discussion on global warming.
McKenna gave a grim update on Carney’s birthplace in the Northwest Territories, just east of the Yukon.
“Communities are unable to reach each other, it’s harder to get goods there,” she told attendees in Toronto.
Thawing permafrost isn’t “just an inconvenience, folks; it’s a change in the way of life.”
Stunning Photos of the 100-Year-Old
The Trans-Siberian Railway (TSR) laid its final ties between Moscow and Vladivostok 100 years ago this month, concluding a 25-year project first set into motion by Tsar Alexander III.
His original motivation was economic—how best to connect and develop remote Siberia?
but the ambitious project has since become a point of national pride.
I particularly liked the way he downplayed what he has done, comparing his challenges to those of governors who faced crises before, particularly Bill Egan, an Alaska founding father who Walker said he first met while holding a volunteer fire ...
Alaska's perspective on heroin ...